Fire Risk Assessments
We offer, in conjunction with our technical partners, all types of fire risk assessments from 1-4 in accordance with PAS 79, along with full internal compartmentation survey by our qualified team. Combining our comprehensive risk assessments with our detailed facade reports will ensure complete legal compliance with the HSE (Health & Safety Executive) guidance.
In addition to our technical partner’s expertise, we have a direct route to the fire service for clarification and advice on what is deemed safe internally and externally.
Unsure as to what the different types of Fire Risk Assessment include? We have created a brief summary below:
Type 1 Fire Risk Assessments – Non-destructive assessment for common parts required for satisfying the FSO (Fire Safety Order 2005). This assessment requires consideration of the arrangements made for a means of escape as well as an examination of entrance doors to the flats. It should take into account the construction of the doors used to separate the flats from common areas without carrying out intrusive works or entering any apartments.
Type 2 Fire Risk Assessments – Destructive assessment covering the same areas as a Type 1 as well as investigation of a sample of flats to report on the integrity of separating construction. Opening up of the construction and samples are to be taken where necessary. Areas inspected are to be made good after the assessment has been completed.
Type 3 Fire Risk Assessments – Non-destructive assessment which requires the same work as detailed in the Type 1 assessment, which exceeds the scope of the FSO, however it must not in any way contravene the Housing Act. The arrangements for fire detection and the means of escape must be inspected in a sample of flats. Inside the flats the assessment is non-destructive, but it is essential that the fire-resistant doors leading to rooms are considered.
Type 4 Fire Risk Assessments – Destructive assessment that incorporates all areas covered in a Type 3 assessment. Additionally it will allow for destructive inspection and testing in both flats and common parts carried out in some sample areas and flats that are selected.
Compartmentation Fire Risk Assessment – This assessment considers the subdivision of buildings into manageable areas of risk, ensuring there is appropriate fire stopping throughout the internal sections of the building, in order to prevent spread of fire and smoke and to provide adequate means of escape. This is a requirement of the Fire Safety Order.
The recent guidance after Grenfell is any building is that it is over 18m is required to have a compartmentation survey. The internal compartmentation is vital to ensure there are no breaches allowing fire to spread internally. Fire compartmentation is an essential part of any building’s fire safety design and may be referred to in many different terms such as fire walls (and floors), fire separation, protected corridors / stairs etc.
It is one of the most effective ways to limit the spread of fire and smoke within your building. Compartmentation should be installed to meet the current Building Regulation and British Standards requirements, in addition there should be adequate means of escape enabling time for the occupants to safely evacuate the premises in the event of a fire.
Additional measures of protection such as adding or upgrading the fire detection system within the building to include heat or smoke detectors or ensuring the ventilation system is adequate will help to enhance the safety of the residents. Therefore an FRA, in accordance with PAS 79 and combined with a compartmentation survey, should be undertaken to determine the risks.
Please note it is important that before any destructive inspection is carried out that any asbestos register maintained must be inspected so that the risk of disturbing asbestos is ruled out.