Fire Risk Assessments
We offer , in conjunction with our technical partners, all types of fire assessments from 1-4 in accordance with PAS 79, along with full internal compartmentation survey by our qualified team. This process with our detailed facade report will ensure complete safety and compliance with the health and safety executives guidance.
In addition to our technical partner’s expertise, we have a direct route to the fire service for clarification and advice on what is deemed fire safe in and on your building.
To help you understand the different types of fire risk assessments, below Is a brief summary:
Type 1 fire risk assessments– non-destructive assessment for common parts required for satisfying the FSO (fire safety order). This assessment requires considering the arrangements made for a means of escape as well as an examination of a few of the entrance doors to the flats, taking into consideration the construction made to separate the flats without opening any construction or entering any flats.
Type 2 fire risk assessments– destructive assessment covering same areas as type 1 as well as a sample of flats to check the integrity of separating construction. Opening up of the construction and samples are to be taken were necessary as well as any repairs after the inspection is completed.
Type 3 fire risk assessments– non-destructive assessment which requires the same work detailed in the type 1 assessment, however exceeds the scope of the FSO, though it must not in any way contravene the Housing act. The arrangements for fire detection and the means of escape must be inspected in a sample of flats. Inside the flats the assessment is non-destructive, but it is essential that the fire-resistant doors leading to rooms are considered.
Type 4 fire risk assessments– destructive assessment that incorporates all areas covered in a type 3, additionally it will allow for destructive inspection and testing in both flats and common parts carried out in some sample areas and flats that are selected.
Compartmentation fire risk assessment – the subdivision of buildings into manageable areas of risk, ensuring there is appropriate fire separation throughout the building in order to prevent spread of fire and smoke and to provide adequate means of escape. This is a requirement of the fire safety order.
The recent guidance after Grenfell is any building is that it is over 18m is required to have a compartmentation survey. The internal compartmentation is vital to ensure there are no breaches where fire will spread internally. Fire compartmentation is a vital part of any fire safety design. Compartmentation is a tool that is used in the vast majority of buildings, other than simple low rise developments. Compartmentation is referred to in many different ways: fire walls (and floors); fire separation; protected corridors / stairs etc…
Fire compartmentation is one of the most effective ways to limit the spread of fire and smoke within your building. Providing compartmentation to current Building Regulation and British Standards requirements. Provides adequate means of escape enabling time for the occupants to safely evacuate the premises.
As long as the cladding is removed under the government guidelines and advice notes 14, 18 and 19, it is removing the risks from the residents externally from fire spread and if there are serious concerns regarding the internal compartmentation this may prove the fire risk to the building is intolerable, where a waking watch and additional fire safety provisions are added i.e additional protection such as adding or upgrading the fire detection in the building with heat detectors in flats to ensure the safety of the residents or worse evacuating the building of all residents. Therefore a FSRA of a PAS 79 is undertaken combined with a compartmentation survey to determine the risks.
Please note it is important that before any destructive inspection is carried out that any asbestos register maintained must be inspected so that the risk of disturbing asbestos is ruled out.